As a rule, a propane heater needs enough ventilation to operate efficiently and remove the dangerous fumes that they give off. There needs to be enough air to help the heater work at its full potential without allowing too much cold air into the room.
You may not have even thought about venting it when you installed the propane heater. Whether it is in your shop, garage, shed, or even your main home, you need to ensure proper ventilation. People die every year from propane-related issues, including asphyxiation. But how much ventilation do you need for a propane heater?
Unfortunately, there is no set amount of space that a propane heater needs to have for ventilation. The unit does need some air to work correctly, though, and you need somewhere for the fumes to go. So, with that being said, read on to find out exactly how much ventilation you will need to make.
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Why Does a Propane Heater Need To Be Vented?
Propane heaters today are much more efficient than they were in years past, and they are safer as well, but when it all comes down to it, a propane heater burns propane gas to work. When propane is burned, it puts carbon monoxide into the air, which can quickly kill you. Let’s take a look at this in a little more depth.
25% of all propane-related fatalities are caused by inhaling the carbon monoxide that the heaters throw off as they burn. It only takes 30 minutes for death to take you if the levels get too high.
It can not be stressed enough how important it is to ensure that your room is ventilated sufficiently to remove the toxins. If you are unsure how much fresh air you should be letting in, play it safe and open another window.
How Do You Know If Your Propane Is Burning Efficiently?
If you are ever in doubt about the number of toxins in your room’s air, you should get a tester. You can rent one or buy one if you plan on using it regularly. You should always make sure that you have a carbon monoxide alarm in every room where you use a propane heater.
Knowing if your propane is burning as efficiently as possible is something that you may wonder about every day, especially if you are new to propane. You are looking for the amount of propane compared to the air mixed into it, and it should be at a ratio of 4:96, meaning 4 parts of propane for every 96 parts of air.
- Too Much Propane – It is easy to tell when you have this problem because the flame on the heater will be larger than it should be. The flame will also be on the yellow side, immediately indicating a problem.
- Too Much Air – This is also easy to spot if you are looking for it. The heater’s flame will spit and sputter and can even go out.
- Perfect Mix – The biggest tell that your propane heater is working perfectly is a flame that gives a steady, bluish-colored flame. A blue flame means that the propane is combusting correctly, with the lowest carbon emissions possible.
It may sound complicated, but once you have been around a propane heater for any time, you will be able to tell instantly. Until then, have someone come over and check on it every now and then. If you have to hire a professional, do it. It is better to be safe than sorry.
Signs That Your Ventilation Is Not Enough
Your propane heater should not put any more stress on your shoulders, and if you have it installed and vented properly, it won’t. It is not something you should ever get relaxed on, though, because they become brittle and break as parts age. If you have a detector in the room, you can rest assured that you will know before the levels of carbon monoxide become too high. Just in case, though, you need to be aware of a few signs that you should be looking for.
- Aldehydes – This is a toxic gas that is put into the air when things are not working correctly. You can tell by the smell and the metallic taste in your mouth.
- Dead Plants – It is always good to have live plants in your house. When you use propane to heat it, you can bet that you have some excess carbon monixide in the air if the plant starts to wither up and die.
- Health Symptoms – There are many health symptoms that excessive toxins in the air can cause. Headaches, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, and some others. If you do not feel right, there is probably a good reason.
If you notice any of these issues, you will want to immediately open up some more windows, turn off the propane heater, and figure out the problem. You should have been checking the flames regularly, which would give you an indication of the propane heater not working correctly. Get the heater serviced or replace it if you are unsure why the toxins rose to such a dangerous level.
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How Much Ventilation Does a Propane Heater Need?
Now that you know the inner details of propane heaters, you may still be wondering how much ventilation you need. You may have read other articles on the subject, and they have all told you the same thing. The salesperson at the home improvement store may have thrown out some numbers when you asked, but the answer boils down to one thing.
As a general rule, the amount of air you have will vary with the size of the room and the size of the unit. The golden rule to follow is to open a window or door near the unit and always keep a large amount of fresh air coming into the room.
It is as simple as that. You want enough fresh air coming into the room to circulate all the toxins out of the room. As long as the heater is working properly, this will be enough to keep you safe. If it is not working correctly, you will notice some of the issues listed above. Or you will see that the flames inside the heater are not looking good.
The ventilation needed by the propane heater is not a set number because there are so many variables. The bottom line is that the ventilation needs to be enough to keep you safe without being so much that you freeze in the middle of the night. If in doubt, though, open the window a little more, or crack the door a small amount more than it was.
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Using a propane heater may not be the best option for heating the inside of your room or home, but it may be the only one that you have. No matter what the case is, these heaters can keep you warm on a cold night. They can also take the edge out of the garage, just enough to allow you to work in it without getting frostbite.
Figuring out how much ventilation a propane heater needs may seem like a game of trial and error, with the error ending in someone getting sick. But that is not necessarily the case. As long as you keep an eye on how well the heater is working, keep some windows or doors open, and never use a unit in a small, tightly enclosed area.